Document Type

Original Study


Educational sector is one of the most important sectors in the field of urban development as it is associated with the renaissance of societies and it is directly related and integrated to the development of the political, economic, social and cultural aspects. Educational services constitute the basics of social services in the city; and the geographical distribution has to be in accordance with the population and spatial characteristics. In order to achieve its aims, the research uses the GIS environment that would achieve a preference in the spatial distribution of educational services and displays the places of spatial imbalance through finding the relationship between population distribution and service in addition to analysing the optimal location and the distribution of future services within the city. The research shows that secondary schools are focused in one neighbourhood, as in the neighbourhoods of (Al-Zohour and Al-Wahda), it also shows that by analysing the characteristics of the distribution nature of secondary schools in the city, it is clear that the centre of gravity is located in the neighbourhood of Al-Zahra, but the spread of the distribution around it according to the standard survey tool confirms that there is no distributive justice because it does not reach the normal distribution rate within the given standards, which amounted to (68.27%). The most prominent recommendation of this study is to reconsider the future distribution of educational services in accordance with the principle of justice and according to planning standards that contribute to achieving a vision and an urban development based on scientific foundations.