Document Type

Original Study


The football coach manages the match by directing his players and exerting a great effort in this mission. However, this effort is duplicated with those unhealthy players, such as those who challenge with their disabilities (deaf category). In fact, the coach sometimes finds himself unable to deliver the instructions to his players in the critical moments of the match because they do not pay attention to him since they are busy with the match. This is because they suffer from lack of communication due to their hearing loss. Thus, the research aims to state the impact of the innovative electronic device on deaf players' ability to communicate with the coach to receive his instructions through the time difference between the desire to communicate, the actual communication for guidance, and the number of times guidance done before and after using the innovative device. The experimental method was used in form of two equivalent groups with the close observation of four coaches of some Paralympic committee teams from the Middle Euphrates Region, with twelve (12) runs in six (6) matches for each coach, and in total of 48 runs equal to (2160) minutes, equal to 36 hours of communication for the sake of instruction. The matches were held between teams in a two-stage league (the first six matches were played without this device, while the second six matches with the use of this innovative device) that held in Karbala under the supervision of the Central Iraqi Federation for Deaf Games. A data collection form was designed for the research variables. The study shows a preference to the use of the innovative device in matches. The researcher believes that this is due to the role of electronic devices and communication technology in developing communication performance management to increase the level of directing during the football match between the coach and the player. That is why, the most significant conclusions support the innovative device because it has a positive effect of 44.357% and also in reducing the response time by 269.6% to control the communication process for guidance during the football match of deaf players.