Document Type

Original Study


The research aims to create a referee leadership form and determine the criteria for the referee leadership form for basketball referees. This research uses a descriptive approach using the survey method and normative studies. The research community was determined by the working referees who are accredited and registered in the records of the Central Basketball Federation in Iraq, whose number is (84) referees distributed among the three refereeing points (international, first, and second). The research sample were chosen by a comprehensive inventory method, and the referee’s leadership form consisted of (21) vertebrae representing (6) dimensions, namely (fitness, public health, cooperation and commitment, arbitration mechanics, match management, diagnosing errors, and diagnosing violations). The arbitration leadership of basketball referees were evaluated by the (5) technical observers of the matches. Five standard levels were extracted from the sample. Among the results that the research came out with is that the referee’s leadership form proved its validity and ability to assess the referee’s ability level of leadership for the basketball referees. One of the recommendations that came out of the research is the importance of the adoption of the referee’s leadership form prepared by researchers by the Central Basketball Referees Committee to evaluate the performance of basketball referees.