Document Type

Original Study


The subject of this study is logic in positivist anthropological theory, in which we show how positivists exploited logic and its normative power and demonstrative capabilities to confirm the Western centralization in anthropological discourse, that discourse inaugurated by Durkheim and his students such as “Levi Brill, Hubert, Moss and others about human society and primitive peoples.” However, the study is satisfied with the discourse of Durkheim and his student Levi Brill, to show how the anthropological discourse bets on the scientific and objectivity of the anthropological approach at a time when this discourse is not free of exaggeration and contradiction. Its focus is on the idea of the other, who is below us, “we.” For Durkheim, this bias is hidden under the guise of primacy and radicalization, which puts the other in the box of delay, while in Lévi Brill it appears in many cases explicit, at least when he sees that the primitive mentality is a mentality that precedes logic to complete the image of that other decadent.