Document Type

Original Study


This research dealt with the concepts of government spending and sustainable development and the impact of government spending in the fields of (education and health) as independent variables on the sustainable development index in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for the period (2004-2020), as the Human Development Index (HDI) was adopted as a dependent variable as An essential indicator of sustainable development, the standard model has been estimated according to the ARDL method, and according to the limits test for co-integration, it turns out that there is a co-integration relationship for the estimated model, so the analysis was done in the short and long terms, and that the estimated model was free from standard problems and that it remains It was stable and distributed normally, and the most important results of the study were The impact of government spending on education was positive on the sustainable development index, while the impact of government spending on health was negative on the sustainable development index in the (short and long) terms, the study came up with recommendations, the most important of which was, the Saudi government should continue spending on education with the same the percentage or greater, in addition to providing support to various economic sectors, including the industrial, agricultural and commercial sectors, and the necessity of forcing foreign companies to contribute to the transfer of modern technology, as well as increasing investment in capital-intensive technology because these products are more competitive in global markets.